People are well-aware about diabetes and the complications of the said disease. Signs include frequent urination, excessive thirst, weight loss, lack of energy, and blurred vision and people diagnosed with diabetes usually minimize their intake of foods rich in refined carbohydrates, sweets and engage in more physical activities to help manage their blood sugar levels. Luckily, there is medicine for diabetes like Metformin, which can help the body tissues be more sensitive to insulin, as well as the standard insulin therapy.
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But do you know what the opposite of diabetes is?
While diabetes is a metabolic disease where the blood sugar levels are high due to lack of insulin, there is a condition called hypoglycemia, which is when the blood sugar levels become too low. When a person experiences hypoglycemia, he or she may feel clumsier than usual, palpitations, nausea and even loss of consciousness. If left untreated, hypoglycemia may cause seizures, coma and even death. Hypoglycemia often occurs among diabetics as a side effect of the medicines they take or when they eat food in too small amounts. For people who don’t have diabetes, hypoglycemia may happen due to metabolism problems or it may be a sign there is something wrong with the pancreas, liver or kidneys.
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Which is more dangerous then?
Although both can kill you especially if left untreated, hypoglycemia is proven more fatal because of its effects to a person’s central nervous system. Sugar is essential for the body because it’s considered as the cells’ fuel. With low sugar, the cells won’t be able to function properly and eventually, everything will shut down because there is nothing to provide energy for the cells. Diabetes, on the other hand, may be regulated with medication, proper diet, and regular exercise.
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What should be done to minimize further risks of both diseases?
Since diabetes requires lifelong care, it is important that the patient makes a commitment in managing his diabetes. He should keep a close watch on his blood pressure and cholesterol levels, keep his kidneys in check because these organs may malfunction due to poorly controlled glucose, and look out for his eyes and feet because high sugar levels can cause serious vision problems. The feet must be checked on a daily basis for blisters and cuts. If a cut is found, it is advised to treat the cut immediately and the healing process must be monitored.
When the patient experiences the symptoms of hypoglycemia, the first thing he should do is test his blood sugar level using the blood glucose meter. If the sugar levels are very low, the patient must intake glucose tablets. If those are not handy, food containing sugar like fruit juice and candy should do the trick. After several moments, test the sugar level again. If it’s still low, eat more sugar-rich food. It’s also good to have some glucose tablets or sugary food within hand especially when the patient is outside his home.
And most of all keep calm and stay positive. Everything will get worse if you panic. Your healthcare is in your hands. And as long as you are determined to keep diabetes and hypoglycemia in check, you will be able to live a happy, healthy life with no more worries.